Middelburg is a city in the south-western Netherlands and the capital of the province of Zeeland.The city of Middelburg dates back possibly to the late 8th century or early 9th century.About a third of the old city centre was bombed in the early phases of World War II, on May 17, 1940, it is still not sure whether it were German bombers or French artillery. Modern Middelburg has preserved and regained much of its historic and picturesque character. There are lavish 17th and 18th century merchant houses and storehouses standing along canals, of a similar style as found in cities like Amsterdam. The old city moats are still there, as are two of the city gates, the Koepoort Gate and the Varkenspoort Gate. The medieval abbey is still in use today, as a museum and as the seat of the provincial government.